Turbocharging is enjoying a second renaissance thanks to its one-two-punch of power and fuel economy.
Whereas regular ("naturally aspirated") engines rely on size or high RPMs, turbocharged motors deliver power in compact packages and torquey-punch at lower engine speeds.
When you put your foot to the floor, the increased load churns out exhaust pressure — spinning the turbine (which spins the compressor-side of the turbo via connecting-shaft). That allows a smaller engine to suck in as much air as a larger one.
Mix the extra air with extra fuel, and the smaller turbo engine makes more power than it could alone. Keep the turbo at arm's length and the engine operates as frugally as its smaller size allows. This magic and wizardry does come with added responsibility to car ownership though.
Turbocharged cars have added complexity in their design, with additional parts to potentially fail. The turbo itself requires a bit of vigilant care, lest you incur expensive repairs.
Here are five ways you can help extend the life of the turbo in your car.
Regularly Scheduled, Synthetic Oil Changes: